Save Rivers!!

This post is all about the plight of most sacred and holiest river of the world “The Holy Ganges”.

The water resources are non-renewable, and we won’t get them again once we have totally degraded it.

Ganga: Overview

📌It occupies about 26% of the landmass of the country.

📌It’s course is about 2,525 km from Gangotri to the Bay of Bengal.

📌It is the sixth most polluted river of the world.

Here’s a timeline for showing steps were taken (However, I don’t see the results) for cleaning Ganga:

📌National Green Tribunal has many times questioned the authorities regarding insubstantial improvement in quality of Ganga water in the past six years since the beginning of Namami Gange.

📌According to the Central Pollution Control Board A large portion of Ganga river is not suitable for drinking.

Major Sources of Pollution

1. Domestic and Industrial Waste

About 3 billion litres of sewage and 260 million litres of industrial waste is daily disposed in river everyday.
(We use the rivers for water and after using it we pour down various kinds of wastes into it. Rivers don’t need to feed these people).

2. Agricultural Runoff

Use of fatal pesticides and herbicides in crop fields for agricultural purposes contribute in degrading quality of drinking water.

So, first we use water bodies to fulfill our daily needs and then, discharge harmful products into it. Did we forget the fact that again we would need that pure water, which we degraded by our actions.

3. Animal carcasses, half- burned and unburned human corpses.

So, the ashes of deads are emptied into holy river for peace of their souls. I don’t think doing will bring peace but, it will definitely put the future lives in danger when river water can no more be used for daily activities.

4. Mass bathing and ritualistic practices

In rivers large amount of garlands, worship ingredients are disposed into the rivers as a part of some rituals. Moreover, people go into those bodies to take bath in order to wash off their wrong deeds (as per a belief). These activities completely compromise the purity of water.

Effects of River Pollution

Some of the effects are given below:
1. Transmission of many water borne diseases like cholera, hepatitis, typhoid and amoebic dysentery.

2. River pollution is reason for about 80% of all health problems in India.

3. Loss of habitat of aquatic animals.

4. River water has lost its purification ability due to decreasing dissolved oxygen and.

5. Decreases light penetration into river puts the deep water organisms life into danger.

Solutions

I think that changing mindset is one of the best solutions for any problem. We are first considering a river Holy and as a way towards God (I believe that God is a feeling of goodness not someone for whom we build statues) and then, degrading that holiness through our activities. Isn’t this ironical?

1. Strict rules for the industries regarding waste disposal. Those who don’t follow should be imposed with high penalties.
2. An organization should be made to keep an eye on sewage disposal.
3. Initiating vigilance programs to make people, especially in the rural areas regarding cleanliness activities.
4. People should avoid the rituals compromising the purity of water.

However, many of the reserachers say that the river has lost its restoring ability, that’s worst for retrieval of the river.

Decode Proxy is all about addressing a environmental issue of your area and few solutions to eliminate the issue. I hope you will also contribute to it.

Have a Great Day Ahead.

Always love your life.

P.S.- Just attempted to raise a voice regarding environment degradation.. kindly suggest correction or improvement, if any.

Indoor Air Pollution

We mostly think the carbon emissions and the wastes from industries as the source of air pollution. But, most of our daily needs items are a cause of air pollution as they release many harmful chemicals into the air, belonging to a class of compounds called volatile organic compounds or VOCs.

VOCs are the vapors or gases released from certain solids or gases, mainly the derivatives of petroleum and other fossil products. It has been found out that the concentration of VOCs in indoor air is much higher than that in outdoor air. These compounds easily evaporate and so, they remain suspended in the air, react with other gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide etc forming many lung irritating fine particulates in air. They also form ozone. The same ozone layer of stratosphere which protects us from UV rays becomes poisonous at ground level as it reacts with other particulates and gives rise to harmful chemical smog. Thus, in all these ways VOCs come out to be deadly.

VOC’s major sources are petroleum and other fossil products but, they are also released by a wide number of daily household products, briefly discussed as follows:

The chemical vapors of formaldehyde (mutagen and carcinogen), benzene (which is carcinogen) and trichloroethylene are released by household cleaners and paints.

The sweet smelling perfumes and deodorants also emit many lung irritating particulates.

The newly formed furnitures and cabinet.

Combustion of fuel, woods and coals produce major of VOCs.

Some other sources are shampoo, hairspray, air fresheners, cleaning sprays, laundry detergent, disinfectant wipes, hand sanitizer.

So, want a clean indoor air?? Say Yes to Plants!!! Here’s how they help!!!

Plants purify the indoor air through a mechanism called phytoremediation, in which the VOC’s are utilized by the plant tissues and roots and transported to the microorganisms present in the soil and in association with plant roots to be metabolized.
Plants also remove harmful ozone from the ground air.
These plants have greater ability to use the sunlight for their metabolism as they belong to the tropical rainforest, where they have to compete for the sunlight among the forest canopy.

Although all the plants have ability of air purification but the few plants, mostly herbs very effective in purification of indoor air are listed below with their scientific names:

Dwarf banana- Musa cavendishii.
Chrysanthemum- Chrysantheium morifolium

Bamboo palm- Chamaedorea seifrizii.
Weeping fig- Ficus benjamina.
English ivy- Hedera helix.
Peace lily- Spathiphyllum.
Species of philodendron- Philodendron sp.
Aloe vera- Aloe barbadensis.

The research of NASA scientists suggested that about 15-18 medium size plants for a house of 1800 to 2000 square ft is efficient for removing indoor air pollutants. Moreover, if the lower leaves of plants are removed, making the soil more exposed to air improve the purification process.

Besides these herbs, we can also opt for the herbal environment friendly and chemicals free products for daily needs. Now a days herbal products are much preferred.

Hope you liked the post.

Have a Great Day ahead.

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