Environment degradation has attained such an extent where the hazardous consequences are right in front of our eyes.
This year the theme of World Environment Day is ecosystem restoration and here are some aspects which need to be considered (in India):
Agriculture is one of the major sources of income but, the excess use of pesticides and insecticides has to lead to decreased soil fertility as well as the chemicals have made their way to food plates and underground water.
Climate change has lead to an increase in the number of cyclones, storms and floods. It has also affected agriculture as frequent hailstorms and excess rain had lead to a decrease in crop yield.
India is ranked fourth in the worst climate-induced disaster-hit country in the world and has suffered several disasters such as floods, storms and cyclones in 2020 and 2021 till May.
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
Water pollution is another alarming issue as the ongoing projects (and the older ones) hasn’t lead to any improvement in the quality of water bodies. The major rivers like Ganga, Yamuna and Godavari are gradually becoming dirtier.
Air pollution is increasing in most of the cities of India, especially those in the Indo-Gangetic plains. According to a recent study, there were twenty-two cities of India in the thirty most polluted cities of the world.
Out of the 6.67 million deaths due to air pollution in 2019, 1.67 million were in India.
Human negligence, an increase in temperature, and a decrease in rainfall has lead to enormous forest fires, mostly in the regions of Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Mizoram and Manipur.
Current Scenario Instead of looking for solutions to the above issues, the government is busy planning to make money from natural resources. Recently, an online campaign has been initiated against the BJP lead government and the private firm, who wishes of setting a diamond mine in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh by cutting lacs of trees and by destroying the livelihood of tribal people of the Buxwaha forest.
The same day, a year ago I started this blog based on nature as a pastime. I captured herbs, blossoms and artistic sunsets which somehow made me feel refreshing. I clicked them all and started them sharing here.
This day is an important one as I wasn’t expecting that I would even come this long on WordPress, as I had shortage of content but, anyhow I have reached here only because of your kind support and encouragement.
During this one year journey, my blog was awarded with, GAMBA Blogging Award, which encouraged me to use my blog to spread peace among WordPress community and contribute to environment conservation. After this, I started sharing articles on environment, people and science, writing them seemed fascinating to me so, I continued writing more.
Another thing that I want to say is that, I gained a lot of scientific and moral knowledge while searching content for this blog. Thus, my blog doesn’t only help me to improve writing skills but, it also helped me to learn more in field of science.
The main objective of my blog is to spread good vibes among reader and for my personal development, to build a better sense of belongingness with the world.
Overall, I enjoyed starting this blog and sharing my thoughts with my WordPress family. Thank you so much for being so encouraging and supporting.❤
We, the human beings. We feel. We love. We struggle. We communicate. We inspire.
I believe that the people around us are a source of great encouragement and motivation so, today’s post is about some people from my circle to make this day special.
Nandinee Sarkar, Singer
Nandinee learned music from her mother, by singing with her and by listening to her when she taught music to children.
During initial days at school, her classmates already had their specific groups and she faced difficulty in making friends. But, by participating in singing competitions, she gathered a lots of appreciation from her teachers and classmates (who also made her good friend). Besides her higher education, she kept on creating a supportive circle of singers around her and kept on winning hearts through soulful voice.
She says that singing is her alternative career option as there’s lack of stability in the music industry but, she is giving her best to let the world know her amazing talent. She is also looking for opportunities to take part in reality shows.
The sound of nature- the birds song, the flowing waterfall, the rainforests sounds….you could imagine them in your head as the words appear in front of you!!
And recalling the times when you were away from the crowd and anthropogenic activities creates a series of refreshing scenarios.
In the present time, when one is surrounded with the smoky industries, heavy traffic sounds and huge buildings around, these things adversely affects the behavior, physiology and fitness of human beings. Thus, there is a need of spending some time in the fresh air to let our inner soul breathe in peace.
Advantage of Natural Sound
According to the latest scientific research, the natural sound changes the behaviour of synapse (which joins neurons with each other for transmission of electrical signals from our body parts to brain and vice versa) because of which the nervous connection across the body improves.
Moroever, the natural sound decreases the sympathetic responses and increases the parasympathetic responses responsible for regulation of unconscious activities like digestion, breathing etc thus, enabling the natural nervous control of body.
The natural sounds
Impart positive vibes.
Enhance focus and concentration of individual.
Create moment of peace.
Application of Natural Sound
By mixing live instruments and natural sounds sleep and music for meditation has been created to produce a sense of being close to nature, improve sleeping patterns and for effective meditation.
Here, I have attached a playlist on natural sounds on spotify. (Ofcouse, you can find much more music there)
The post is about some female members of the species, who are powerful, independent and leading.
1. Lioness are believed to be best at hunting and more active than lions. They are more frequently spotted in groups for hunting in the forests.
2. Orca are the female hunting groups in the marine animals. They are matriarchal and act as leaders for their tribe.
3. Parthenogenesis is the phenomenon of production of young ones from the female gametes without fertilization. This is observed in about 80 taxon of fishes, lizards, reptiles and few birds. These females have capability of giving rise to young ones without their male partner.
I hope you liked this post. Do comment about any other such organisms.
Have you ever wondered🤔 why fireflies flicker?Why does water surface glows in dark?The reason is phenomenon of bioluminescence. Have a read: Bioluminescence is the process through which light is produced and emitted by living organisms. It is generally found in the aquatic marine organisms living in water columns, under deep sea, among corals etc. It also occurs in the fireflies. Scientists believe that bioluminescence could be the most common way of communication on the planet because the phenomenon mostly occurs in deep sea, which occupies the major portion of planet!! They have also discovered that…
Beauty is not mostly about looks rather it’s about one’s nature. It is all those qualities that create good vibes among the people around.
The refreshing sunrise and fading sunset. The bright moon and the twinkling stars. Colourful birds and roaming animals. They all are beauties of Earth.
Kindness, compassion, love, care, humbleness and respect, all these are the beauties of beings. All species have these beauties.
But, think of ourselves what we do is that we create our standards of beauty, the perfect look that one should have. And then, we communicate our irrelevant remarks on the physical appearance of people and make them feel bad. It is better to be a moment of happiness in someone’s life rather than making someone feel bad for how they look.
Tall and short. Slim and fat. Young and old. Colour of skin. These all are the traits which distinguish people from each other. They should not be taken as standards of beauty. Beauty resides in one’s nature and behaviour.
Today’s blog post is about the reasons because of which viruses get transmitted to other organisms easily through bats.
Bats are the carriers of many viruses, like rabies, Hendra, Marburg, Ebola viruses, even the coronavirus is believed to be transmitted through them. A total of about 60 zoonotic viruses (the viruses which can be spread through animals, including human beings) are transmitted by them.
They are the only mammals having flight capability, so the viruses could be spread easily when they fly from one region to another. The viruses spread through their saliva, faeces and urine.
Their life span is around 30 years so they bring the viruses near the environment for a long time.
They live in groups so, even one carrier can easily spread viruses to their groups (hundreds and thousands of bats, together) in contact.
The body temperature (about 40⁰C) of bats is comparatively much higher than other mammals thus, creating more immunity in them in the initial stage of infection as most viruses could not withstand that temperature.
Why bats do not get infected by the viruses they carry within themselves?
STING (Stimulator Interferon Genes) pathway is weak in bats (because of a mutation replacing serine amino acid from the sequence) so their immune system produces less reaction against the viruses present in their body and remains unaffected thus, bats have unique capability of coexisting with the viruses.
(STING pathway is responsible for the production of interferons, which activates immune response against viruses).
Bats do spread deadly viruses but, they are also vital for the ecosystem as they occupy a position in the food chain by eating other insects and they also help in pollination.
I hope this love season treating you well. Have a Great Day Ahead.
Would love to learn more from you on this…thank you.
Today I am with amazing findings of Daniel Chamovitz, who is a director of Manna Center for Plant Biosciences, Tel Aviv University. He discovered that plants do feel and smell on the basis of his experimental findings and observations.
Earlier, he found a group of genes which controlled the response and growth of plant in varying sunlight and they seemed to be unique to plants.
His later studies concluded that the same genes are a part of human genome also and were involved in regulating sunlight dependent 24 hours circadian clock of human beings. Besides this, they were involved in cell division, growth of neurons (because of which we are able to sense our environment and respond accordingly) and maintenance of immune system. Thus indicating genetic similarity between the plants and animals.
The animals are mobile i.e. they could move to any place for their safety and as per their needs. In contrast, plants are immobile i.e. they cannot move so, they need to sense the changing environment to survive in it. So, they do have complex and sensitive mechanism for this purpose.
Sense of Smell
When we talk about smell we specifically refer to some volatile chemical compounds present in the air to which we respond.
Some example supporting the smelling sensation of plants are:
When unripe fruits are kept with the ripe fruits the aroma produced by ripe fruit in air in perceived by unripe fruit and so, it gets signals and begins to ripe. The ripe fruits naturally releases ethylene gas which helps in ripening of fruits.
The dodder plant do not perform photosynthesis rather it feeds on host plants. It chooses its host, the neighbouring plants by smelling and prefers the hosts which smell good and are tastier!! Between tomato and wheat, it chooses tomato.
Memory of Plants
Plants do have memory but, it is for short duration only e.g. the case of insectivorous Venus Fly Trap plants which close only after the bug has touched two of hairs of the plants. This implies that it remembers when its hairs were first touched. But, this information lasts for only 20 seconds.
The plants that grow in stressful conditions give rise to the young plants who are more resistant to the condition.
Communication in Plants
It is proven that the plants give certain signals to the plants e.g. when a plant is undergoing insect or pathogen attack, they release certain chemical to alert the other plants for danger and they start synthesizing chemicals to save themselves.
It has been found out that the plants in dry and drought conditions communicate to the other plants through roots to prepare them.
Research is still being performed on Darwin’s root-brain hypothesis, which suggests that the tip of the root act as a brain in the plants.